I love the photographs of William R. Cross. They show many of the leading Sioux and Cheyenne chiefs and warriors of the 19. century. His photos are also very rare, not often published in history books. Maybe we can present some of them in this thread?
I start with a photo montage of several Cross photos. Does anyone have better scans or identifications for some of them?
So far I have identified: Black Praerie Chicken (top row, 2nd from left) Two Strike (second row, 2nd f.l.) Good Voiced Crow (second row, 3rd f.l.) Little Thunder & wife (second row, 4th f.l.) and of course Satanta (third row, 2nd f.l.) and Custer (both not by Cross)
In the third row, fourth from the left: Fast Bear. And in the fourth row, fourth from left: Black Teeth's pappoose (see Princeton collection); also labeled as White Bull's daughter.
And here is another advertising card by Cross:
First row, left to right: Red Shirt (by D. S. Mitchell), Red Eagle's squaw, Cheyenne Indian, Black Tongue. Second row, l to r: Spotted Tail Jr. Squaw and Papoose; Attack on Wagon Train; Spotted Tail's Girls, Cheyenne Chief. Third Row, l to r Cheyenne Black Horse, STanding Bear's Girls, Two Bears in citizen's dress, Yankton Indian Fourth Row, l to r Yankton Ind., Spotted Tail, The Kidder Massacre, Flat Foot
The only photo I have of Red Skirt is in Greene's Yellowstone Command, taken in 1884 and it's pretty hard to tell if it's the same man. It's kind of a sad photo with Red Skirt and his companion, John Sans Arc dressed partly in civilian clothing and the former, with his hair cut, dressed in leggings that don't sem to fit him.
I've seen Black Tongue identified only as "Cheyenne Indian" on various internet sites - on at least one, someone's photoshopped his paint out!
I've just looked at the larger picture of Opealis and I'm still not sure. He looks older than Red Skirt in the Greene book, but the hair is longer - of course this means nothing; he could've grown it again.
Thanks for the photos! I never saw these!! Thus thanks again! Could I ask what auction site came these pictures?
I looked the photo of Red Skirt then that Cheyenne man Opealis. What a surprise! They are same persons really! Also their ages is the same. Now an exciting question: who is that man? The possibly Miniconjou Red Skirt or the Cheyenne Opealis?
Cross is also the photographer of the images of Sitting Bull and his band at Fort Randall that have long been credited to Bailey, Dix and Mead - although I believe Stanley Morrow's name is sometimes mentioned in connection to these images.
One Bull and Black Prairie Chicken:
"Brave Bear and his wife" - though the "wife" is a man!
Sitting Bull and family
And the rather curious Eat Dog and his family - curious, because all the others feature men and women dressed pretty much "traditionally", and must be some of the last pictures of the Lakota to do so before everyday clothing consisted of handouts and castoffs.
Some more Cross photos of Sitting Bull's band can be found here:
If you can find it, check out Frank Goodyear's article, "The Narratives of Sitting Bull's Surrender: Bailey, Dix & Mead's Photographic Western." I read it in Dressing in Feathers: The Construction of the Indian in American Popular Culture, edited by S. Elizabeth Bird (Westview Press, Boulder, 1996). Goodyear is the author of the photographic history of Red Cloud, referred to in the Red Cloud photos thread.
Last Edit: Oct 8, 2006 11:43:25 GMT -5 by grahamew